Thursday, February 25, 2016

Unemployment is Ready to Rise

Unemployment is set to increase very soon.

Although the recovery in jobs has been stronger than most realize or are willing to accept, it's about to reverse. Rising unemployment is coming (and so might a recession).

The employment situation has been better than most realize or are willing to accept. According to the unemployment numbers, we've seen slow but steady growth in jobs. The Unemployment Rate is much lower than it was in 2008 and 2009, at the height of the Great Recession.

Source: FRED

Source: JP Morgan

Unfortunately as it relates to Unemployment, it always looks brightest right before it turns for the worse. When unemployment it at or near decade-lows, it tricks us into thinking that the economy is certainly doing well. The economy does in fact grow and improve as the Unemployment Rate falls. However, the closer we get to the "turning point" or decade-low, the higher the probability that economic growth is about to reverse course.
In other words, Unemployment has dropped so much that this could be the best we'll see. 5% Unemployment is not bad! We should be happy that the US figured out how to keep unemployment low. But, if Unemployment is about to rise, that likely also means that economic growth is slowing.

If you look at the long-term chart of Unemployment Rate, you can see that a significant multi-year (even multi-decade) bottom in the Unemployment Rate preceded almost every single Recession since 1948 (Recessions shaded grey):

Another signal pointing to higher Unemployment is the major difference between the "Seasonally-adjusted" and "non-Seasonally-adjusted" Unemployment Rate numbers.

The government agencies like to "seasonally-adjust" official numbers in order to "smooth" out results and/or remove unjustified deviations due to catastrophes, one-time events, or season-related trends. This results in much smoother, less volatile results over time - as can be seen in the long-term Unemployment Rate charts.



Most of the time, both the Seasonally-adjusted and Non-Seasonally-adjusted numbers trend in the same direction. But when they don't, a major trend change could be underway.

In our case, while the "Seasonally-Adjusted" Unemployment Rate made a long-term low of 4.9% last month (January 2016), the "Not-Adjusted" Unemployment Rate rose significantly to 5.3%!



Both adjusted and not-adjusted numbers have moved together, but have now diverged. 

At the same time, Initial Jobless Claims have just bounced off 3-month lows and are off their 5+ year lows:

Unless the economy or jobs situation has improved over February, it looks like we could see an increase in Initial Jobless Claims and the resulting increase in Unemployment Rate.

Wednesday, February 24, 2016

Portfolio Update - Feb 24, 2016

Everyone likes to watch their winners keep winning, but at some point you have to cash in those profits.

Sold 1500 CHK @2.71
Bought 500 UNG @6.57

Better diversification, less volatility, more straight-up Natural Gas ETF.

Monday, February 22, 2016

Natural Gas Bottom?

Is this the bottom in Natural Gas (UNG) ($UNG)?

Looks like the gap has been filled and this may be the bottom before a major uptrend.

BUY so long as it stays above $1.75

#NatGas #NaturalGas $UNG

Model Portfolio - update, February 22, 2016

A few changes to the Portfolio today, to improve the diversification a bit:

1) Sold 1500 CHK shares @2.34
2) Sold 2000 CLF shares @2.00
3) Bought 100 LNG shares @30.21
4) Bought 250 WTW shares @14.18

Wednesday, February 17, 2016

Model Portfolio - February 17, 2016

If you want to invest in Energy right now and take advantage of bargain valuations, buy some or all of the stocks below.
As Oil and Energy recover, together with coal, steel, aluminum, and other commodities, these stocks should benefit greatly.

Natural Gas ETF (UNG)
Chesapeake Energy (CHK)
Alcoa (AA)
US Steel (X)
Cliffs Natural Resources (CLF)

Update, 2/17/2016 @ 3:05PM:


Advanced Micro Devices (AMD)
Hovnanian Enterprises (HOV)

Saturday, February 13, 2016

Remember $2 Gas?

Enjoy the cheap $2 gasoline while you still can!

Due to the collapse in crude oil, gas prices have reached lows not seen since the depth of the Great Recession. But these extreme lows in oil and gas prices won't be here for long.

                                              Gas Prices

Crude oil and gasoline prices have moved largely in unison, both up and down:

Crude Oil vs. Gas

Oil prices are at lows not seen in years, decimated over the past 2 years and crashing by nearly 80 percent to $26/barrel since the ~$110/barrel highs in June 2014.

   Crude Oil Prices

Possible Reasons for the Bear Market in Oil & Commodities

1) Huge oversupply due to more effective drilling technology and domestic self-sufficiency.

2) Slowing economic growth around the world (Europe, China, Brazil, etc), leading to lower energy demand.

3) Deflation, where the prices of nearly all assets fall. Usually accompanied by economic recession and stronger US Dollar ($UUP).

4) Over-speculation in the Energy ($XLE) space, as is apparent by the exposure of energy companies in the Junk Bond market ($HYG) ($JNK).

What's Next?

The magnitude of oil's collapse was far greater than I had expected or even assumed possible. Though I clearly stated my expectations of oil dropping significantly due to the large deflationary forces and slowing global economic growth, I didn't think crude oil would fall by more than 50 percent. Oil was definitely not staying at $100/barrel, but $30/barrel? That's crazy cheap. 

Still, caution must be exercised, as a continued decline is not out of the question.
However, even though oil and energy can continue lower, the largest price drops are already behind us. Oil is a much better investment than most other assets because it has already been crushed, and the bad news is mostly or completely priced-in.

Oil is now "over-hated", as oil prices ($USO) and energy company valuations ($XLE) have been severely (and excessively) cut. Most investors are running away from Energy or are still too afraid to get in.

Contrary to most investors, oil and energy is a major bargain right here.
Now is the time to look at Energy investments.
Now is the time to pick up the scraps left in the wake of oil's collapse. 

There are definitely troubling times and even bankruptcies for some of the energy companies ($CHK, $UPL $LINN, etc.), but it's time to search for the viable companies selling for dirt cheap.
Even if some of your Energy investments get wiped out, some of these companies are golden opportunities for exponential returns (think 300-1000%+).

The outcome of the Oil Recovery and higher energy prices is both positive and negative:

On the positive side, investing in oil and energy is presenting a very rare opportunity to buy at the bottom near 20-year lows.
On the negative side, rising oil prices will result in higher fuel costs. You can probably forget about the extremely cheap $2/gallon Gas prices.

Even worse, those who neglect to invest in Oil and Energy now are likely to lose twice - once by missing the long-term bottom in oil, and once by having to pay more at the pump.

In a few years we will be talking about how low oil & gas prices were.
Oil prices are close to what they were in the 1980s and 1990s.
Now is the time to invest in oil.

Thursday, February 11, 2016

The Zombie Trend

Is it not obvious that CNBC & The Walking Dead plagiarized my article?
  • I wrote an article about Zombies and the Stock Market / Economy in November 2012. 
  • I sent the link to the creator of the TV show, AMC's "The Walking Dead", Robert Kirkman.
  • I was (separately from this) interviewed by CNBC's Maria Bartiromo.
  • A few months later, Robert Kirkman is on CNBC with Maria Bartiromo to discuss the connection between Zombies and the Stock Market / Economy.  
Watch the short video, then read my article, and tell me this isn't a bit "suspicious".

November 2012:

March 2013:

In November 2012 I wrote the article below, titled "Investing In Zombies".
I had been a big fan of zombie movies for years, and I knew zombies were about to get very popular again.

Until then, zombie fans like myself were largely disappointed by the lack of both quantity and quality when it came to zombie movies. It was rare to see a well-written, well-produced, well-received zombie movie; most were low-budget films that only true zombie fans could even tolerate. Of course, there are the "zombie classics" and other favorite zombies movies, but they are few in comparison to the multitude of zombie movies and TV shows that have been released over the past few years.

We have just lived through and witnessed one of the biggest waves of zombie popularity in history, perhaps for years to come. #1 watched TV shows, mega-studio films, zombie costumes, zombie 5k races, zombie economies, zombie video games, etc etc.
There is still some time left in this "zombie trend", but the highest peaks of popularity are already behind us.

We've seen the massive popularity of Vampires, then Zombies. What's next? Ghosts? Aliens? Werewolves? Evil Robots?

Investing In Zombies
Originally published: November 13, 2012

Many stocks and companies may be at the end of an uptrend and are becoming "dead money", but investing in the "living dead" and the strengthening popularity of the Zombie theme could be a profitable opportunity.
With The Walking Dead as this fall's most popular television series, and with AMC Networks (NASDAQ:AMCX) reporting earnings this Thursday November 7th, is it a good investment? Moreover, with Viacom (NASDAQ:VIA) behind a potential blockbuster hit zombie movie coming out in 2013, and with Activision (NASDAQ:ATVI) soon releasing two hugely profitable zombie games, is now the time to buy?
Below, I will make the case for (1) Why zombies are the new craze, (2) How they are replacing vampires as the more popular theme, and (3) What companies you can invest in to profit from the growing trend.
Why Zombies?
Zombies represent how the world economy has been behaving and how a lot of people currently feel about the future. Zombies are slow, mindless, physically-decaying, and brutal beings with no long-term goals, no productivity, no sign of recovery, and no desires other than eating human flesh. Unfortunately, the economy and stock markets have behaved very similarly over the past 10+ years, or "Lost Decade": We've seen huge ups and downs, instability, massive turmoil, increasing risks and dangers, unfathomable events, and the collapse of much of life as we once knew it. In fact, the similarities have been so staggering that we've seen the emergence of some very popular nicknames: "zombie economy", "zombie banks", and "zombie debt" among others.
Obviously many things have greatly improved over the years, but all the volatility and chaos of multiple recessions and never-ending uncertainty have truly eaten away at people's confidence. Most investors just can't understand what's happening. Even the top business executives, politicians, fund managers, and experts have no clue what to do!
In a zombie economy, there is a self-perpetuating sense of doom - the feeling that there is no solution; that the sickness is unstoppable and the predator unkillable; the fear that even those in command have little idea how to fix things.
So why zombies? Because all of the fear, dread, and impending doom that people are feeling about the economy or personal safety. The solutions seem to escape us, the situation doesn't appear to be improving, and it feels as if everyone is either fighting to survive or preying on the weak. To many, the world feels like a harsh, dangerous place with a bleak future; it is precisely when people feel this fearful or discouraged that zombies have the most appeal.
Zombies vs. Vampires: The Triumph of the Zombie
Unlike the decaying, numb, and senseless zombie, the vampire stands for beauty, immortality, and conscious pursuit of power (though it still uses evil methods to get there). The positive characteristics of a vampire are therefore a lot more appealing when people are feeling more positively about themselves or their situation.
It is no surprise then that the two most popular vampire television shows (Buffy The Vampire Slayer and HBO's True Blood) and the most popular vampire novels and movies (Twilight) of the past 20 years were started during very positive periods for the economy.Buffy came out in 1997, as the US was at the height of its most impressive bull market ever; True Blood was developed in late 2005, near the height of the housing bubble (it made its television premiere during the recession in September 2008, but only months after the all-time peak in stocks); and the Twilight novel was released in 2005, also near the height of the housing bubble (the massively successful movies were released in 2008-2011, but well after the novels had already become best-sellers).
According to a Google books (NASDAQ:GOOG) search comparing the frequency of the words "zombies" and "vampires" in books, "vampires" have been the clear winner by far from 1940 to 2008, with an increasingly sharper rise since around 1987:
But I am happy say that vampire popularity has finally peaked. With the most successful books, shows, and movies now behind us, vampires can no longer outdo themselves. Yes, they will one day come back in a huge way, but the cycle is on its way down. When 13-year-old girls become completely obsessed with vampires (as they have with Twilight), the trend is over. It is now time for zombies to take control.
A simple indication of the soaring triumph of zombies over vampires is visible in a Google Trends search:
When we plot all of the search volume for the terms "zombies" and "vampires" since 2004, we can see how zombies have completely dominated since late 2008. While "vampires" was the more popular term for most of 2004-2008, "zombies" has skyrocketed upward since late 2008 and has massively led "vampires" since early 2009. We can see the big increase in "vampires" due to the Twilight success in 2010, but "zombies" is the runaway winner.
Rising Zombie Popularity
The growing popularity and success of the zombie theme is evident in best-selling comics and books, a top-rated television show, an upcoming blockbuster movie, zombie video games, a 5k "zombie race", and even a warning from the CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention - a governmental organization) about a "zombie apocalypse".
Perhaps the clearest sign of the growing zombie popularity is the hugely successful television show, The Walking Dead. The show, already into its third season, is so popular that its premiere in October 2012 was the highest-rated entertainment series this fall. It was already the most successful cable drama of all-time, but the Walking Dead premiere was even more popular than all of the big broadcast entertainment shows including ABC'sModern Family. Only football and live sports are more popular than zombies right now.
The Walking Dead television series is based on the bestselling comics written by Robert Kirkman. The books have been selling so well that (as of November 6, 2012) Kirkman is #26 in Amazon's (NASDAQ:AMZN) top 100 authors! He has probably been even higher up.
Moreover, he currently has two books in Amazon's top 100 bestseller list:
Before The Walking Dead, author Max Brooks published two bestselling books about zombies - The Zombie Survival Guide (2003) and World War Z (2006).
Brooks' books have been so popular that Brad Pitt's production company, Plan B Entertainment, secured the movie rights in 2007. Brad Pitt will star in World War Z (set to release on June 21, 2013), with The Zombie Survival Guide set for a 2014 release.
We are yet to find out if the movies are even good, but with superstar actor Brad Pitt starring in an upcoming zombie movie, we can safely say that the zombie theme is going strong and may have much more room to go.
In fact, the number of zombie movies released each year has soared since 2000:
And in comparison to the stock market:
Source: Wired Magazine
Such rapid growth in popularity is a bit disconcerting, but aside from The Walking Dead we are yet to see true blockbusters in the zombie category in this cycle. We've seen big success in zombie-like movies such as Resident Evil (2002), 28 Days Later (2002), and I Am Legend (2007), but I think we are still not at the peak-level vampire equivalents likeTwilight and True Blood.
Running away from zombies has even become a fun 5k race, as participants run and scale an obstacle course while avoiding the zombies that attempt to take their life, or in this case the flags on their belts:
Even the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (NASDAQ:CDC) warned about a "zombie apocalypse". In a shocking public campaign by a governmental organization, the CDC urged people to be prepared for zombies. Why?
"If you are generally well equipped to deal with a zombie apocalypse you will be prepared for a hurricane, pandemic, earthquake, or terrorist attack." So please log on, get a kit, make a plan, and be prepared!
-Dr. Ali Khan, CDC Director
How To Invest
Zombies have been estimated to be worth over $5 billion to the economy. Between movies, video games, television, comics, books, novels, Halloween costumes, merchandise, and other items, the zombie category is both far-reaching and very lucrative. So with zombies probably getting even more popular in the next few years, here is how you can cash in:
  1. Zombie TV: The Walking Dead. Perhaps the most popular within the zombie theme is the #1 show The Walking Dead. Already the top-rated entertainment series on TV this fall, the air-time for commercials during the show have been fetching between $200,000 and $375,000 - more than the top primetime shows. The biggest winner from this is AMC Networks , the network that owns the AMC, IFC, and Sundance channels. AMC goes well beyond zombies, with IFC and Sundance being the top independent film channels. Even more, AMC also features top shows Mad Men andBreaking Bad.
Those who would like to profit from The Walking Dead can look at AMC Networks as a potential investment. However, while its shows have been hugely successful and its ads have been selling for a lot of money, AMC Networks is not necessarily a strong buy. The company has a $3.5 billion market cap, decent growth numbers, and very strong future catalysts; but its PE ratio is relatively high at 22.5, it has a lot of debt ($2.28 billion), and its stock has already seen a nice run in the past four months.
AMC is reporting earnings on Thursday November 8th, which could send the stock price up even more. AMC could benefit from the $700 million settlement that it won together with Cablevision (NYSE:CVC) against Dish Network (NASDAQ:DISH), when Dish removed AMC's channels from its service. However, because the stock price is already at the top of the upward sloping "channel" seen in the chart above, together with minor divergence in the Relative Strength (RSI), I'd rather be more cautious here and see what comes of earnings. A small position would be smarter here, but waiting for a pullback could prove to be safer and more profitable.
2. Zombie Movies: World War Z. With Brad Pitt starring in the upcoming movie World War Z, betting on the potential blockbuster hit could be a very smart move in anticipation. Unlike The Walking Dead which is already a big hit and may already be factored into AMC's stock price, betting on World War Z now will make you one of the first to do so.
So how do you do it? World War Z will be distributed by Paramount Pictures, a subsidiary of Viacom . Investing in Viacom, then, could be the best way to profit from a potential future zombie hit - especially when it stars Brad Pitt. Viacom is a powerhouse, and runs MTV, VH1, Nickelodeon, CMT, BET, and Comedy Central. There are obviously a lot of good things going for it, then.
On a weekly chart, Viacom looks a bit dangerous. It has sharply reversed down from a recent peak, it is far above its 200-day moving average at $40.64, and its relative strength (RSI) and momentum (MACD) indicators are still pointing down:
On a daily chart, however, Viacom looks like it is approaching a pretty good buying opportunity after sharply falling from over $57 to $50 in just a month. The relative strength and momentum indicators are still negative, but for those looking to buy, $50 and $47-48 are pretty good low-risk buying opportunities at support. Viacom also pays a 2% dividend.
3. Zombie Video Games: Call of Duty and The Walking Dead. The best way to profit from the zombie genre is probably through the gaming industry. Luckily, there is one company that is far and beyond the number one force behind the zombie games.
Activision Blizzard is THE player here. Not only is Activision Blizzard behind the bestselling games World of WarcraftThe James Bond series, The Amazing Spiderman, and the upcoming Diablo and Starcraft, but ATVI is the company behind the Call of Duty series and the upcoming The Walking Dead video game.
Call of Duty has been one of the top video game series of all-time, and since 2009 has included a "zombie feature". Black Ops II will be coming out on November 13, 2012 and is expected to be a top-seller. Even more, Activision is expecting the release of The Walking Dead: Survival Instinct in 2013. Both of these games combined spell major profits for Activision .
Activision looks pretty good financially, with a $12.32 billion market cap, a 15.8 trailing PE, $3.19 billion in cash ($2.87 per share), zero debt, and a 1.6% dividend.
When it comes to the charts, there is both some opportunity and some risk. In the long-term chart, we can clearly see ATVI's massive run since 2000. In 2008 it took a very big hit, losing over 50 percent of its value. Since then, it's been in a sideways trend and appears to be in the midst of choosing a direction. It may have broken below its long-term uptrend, but $10 and then $8 should be decent support levels.
The daily chart looks a bit better. Though we are still below the 50 and 200-day moving averages, it appears that ATVI could have bottomed for now near $10.80 and may begin a new uptrend. The momentum is diverging and signaling more positive price movement ahead. If prices can break above the 200-day moving average and the downward-sloping trendline near $12, ATVI looks very good.
With the massively growing popularity of zombies, and their increasing success over the vampire theme in recent months, investing in zombie-related companies could be highly profitable.
I personally have been a huge fan of zombies and apocalyptic movies almost my entire life. Is it not fun and exciting to imagine worst-case scenarios and how you would find a way to escape or survive? Maybe it's just me, but I think that playing out multiple situations, and mentally planning what you would do, applies to much more than just escaping zombies or avoiding a worldwide pandemic. In reality, the ability to be well-prepared for all kinds of scenarios could help improve your relationships, protect your investments, and even save your life!
Watch your back, protect your investments, and buy companies that benefit from the zombie craze. I think we're only in the early to middle stage of the Mania Phase in zombies.

Wednesday, February 10, 2016

Overrated: Turning The Lights Off

How many times have you been yelled at for leaving the lights on?
Do you stress about constantly having to turn off the lights in order to stop wasting electricity and money?

Good news!
Leaving the lights on costs much less than most people think it does.

With all the anxiety and focus on not being wasteful and on turning the lights off, you'd expect the cost of leaving lights on to be a few dollars for every couple of hours.
But, in fact, the cost of your negligence in not turning off the lights is in the cents.

Let's assume you leave 3 lights on for 5 hours. How much does that actually cost?

Furthermore, let's assume each of the 3 lights is one 50-Watt bulb.

3 light bulbs X 50-Watts = 150 Watts

150 Watts X 5 Hours = 750 Watts

Here is the shocking part:
A Kilowatt-hour  (kWh) of electricity in the residential sector costs only 10-20 cents (US average is ~13 cents)
That means that our example above (leaving 3 lights on for 5 hours) is equivalent to 0.75 kWh. Based on electricity prices, your "enormously wasteful" behavior of leaving the lights on only costs between 7.5 and 15 cents!!

Rather than worry about turning the lights off, you should focus more on other appliances and sources that use electricity:

26,500 watts
Elec. furnace, 2000sf, cold climate
7941 watts
Elec. furnace, 1000sf, warm climate
1440 watts
Electric space heater (high)
900 watts
Electric space heater (medium)
600 watts
Electric space heater (low)
750 watts
Gas furnace (for the blower)
1100 watts
Waterbed heater
450 watts
Waterbed heater (avg. 10 hrs./day)
3500 watts
Central Air Conditioner (2.5 tons)
1440 watts
Window unit AC, huge
900 watts
Window unit AC, medium
500 watts
Tiny-ass window unit AC
325-425 watts
Fan only for central AC (no cooling)
More efficient cooling
400 watts
Evaporative cooler
350 watts
Whole-house fan
100 watts
Floor or box fan (high speed)
90 watts
52" ceiling fan (high speed)
75 watts
48" ceiling fan (high speed)
55 watts
36" ceiling fan (high speed)
24 watts
42" ceiling fan (low speed)
Major appliances
4400 watts
Clothes dryer (electric)
Washing machine
3800 watts
Water heater (electric)
200-700 watts
Refrigerator (compressor)
57-160 watts
Refrigerator (average)
3600 watts
Dishwasher (washer heats water)
2000 watts
Electric oven, 350°F
1178 watts
Electric oven, self-cleaning mode
(takes 4.5 hrs, 5.3 kWh total)
1200 watts
Dishwasher (dry cycle)
200 wattsDishwasher (no water heating or drying)
60 watts
60-watt light bulb (incandescent)
18 watts
CFL light bulb (60-watt equivalent)
Night light
LED night light
Computers  (see more about electrical use of computers)
150-340 watts
Desktop Computer & 17" CRT monitor
1-20 watts
Desktop Computer & Monitor (in sleep mode)
90 watts
17" CRT monitor
40 watts
17" LCD monitor
45 watts
Laptop computer
Televisions & Videogames
191-474 watts
50-56" Plasma television
210-322 watts
50-56" LCD television
150-206 watts
50-56" DLP television
188-464 watts
42" Plasma television
91-236 watts
42" LCD television
98-156 watts
32" LCD television
55-90 watts
19" CRT television
45 watts
HD cable box (varies by model)
194 watts
185 watts
Xbox 360
70 watts
30 watts
18 watts
Nintendo Wii (source)
1440 watts
Microwave oven or 4-slot Toaster
900 watts
Coffee maker
800 watts
Range burner
4 watts
Clock radio


Annual consumption of electrical appliances in the kitchen 

Type of applianceCapacityLength of useConsumption / year
Combi fridge-freezer A+150 to 200 W365 days - continuously201 kWh
Combi fridge-freezer C200 to 350 W365 days - continuously500 kWh
Dishwasher1200 W48 weeks - 5 x per week288 kWh
Coffee machine500 to 1000 W335 days - 10 mins./day42 kWh
Cooker hood70 to 150 W335 days - 40 mins./day25 kWh
Microwave oven1000 to 1500 W48 weeks - 1.5 h/week90 kWh
Conventional electric oven2000 to 2500 W48 weeks - 1.5 h/week162 kWh

Annual consumption of electrical appliances in the living room 

Type of applianceCapacityLength of useConsumption/year
LCD TVOn90 to 250 W335 days - 4  hours per day241 kWh
LCD TVIn sleep mode3 W365 days - continuously22 kWh
old Plasma TVOn261 to 344 W335 days - 4  hours per day402 kWh
old Plasma TVIn sleep mode3 W365 days - continuously22 kWh
LED TVOn20 to 60 W335 days - 4  hours per day54 kWh
LED TVIn sleep mode0.3 W365 days - continuously2,2 kWh
Low-energy light bulbs12 W335 days - 5  hours per day20 kWh
Game console20 to 180 W5 to 6 x per week - 1h20mins.
= 387 hours per year
7.75 to 69.5 kWh
TVD/ADSL decoder 365 days - continuously277 kWh + 112 kWh
= 389 kWh
Halogen lamps300 W335 days - 5  hours per day503 kWh

Annual consumption of electrical appliances in the laundry room

Type of applianceCapacityLength of useConsumption/year
Tumble dryer C2500 to 3000 W32 weeks - 2 x per week192 kWh
Washing machine A+++2500 to 3000 W 48 weeks - 4 x per week (0.9 kWh/cycle)173 kWh
Washing machine B2500 to 3000 W48 weeks - 4 x per week (1.35 kWh/cycle)259 kWh
Iron750 to 1100 W48 weeks - 5 hours per week260 kWh
Vacuum cleaner650 to 800 W48 weeks - 2 hours per week70 kWh

Annual consumption of electrical appliances at the office

Type of applianceCapacityLength of useConsumption/year
Computer with flat screenOn70 to 80 W240 days - 4  hours per day72 kWh
Computer with flat screenIn sleep mode3 W365 days - continuously25 kWh
Low-energy light bulbs15 to 25 W 365 days - 5  hours per day34 kWh
Mobile phone charger5 W365 days - 1  hour per day1.85 kWh

Annual consumption of electrical appliances in the bedroom

Type of applianceCapacityLength of useConsumption/year
Computer with cathode monitorOn100 to 120 W240 days - 4  hour per day106 kWh
Computer with cathode monitorIn sleep mode40 to 60 W365 days - continuously400 kWh
TV with cathode ray tubeOn80 to 100 W335 days - 4  hour per day121 kWh
TV with cathode ray tubeIn sleep mode4 to 10 W365 days - continuously59 kWh
Radio alarm3 to 6 W365 days - continuously20 kWh

Annual consumption of electrical appliances in the bathroom

Type of applianceCapacityLength of useConsumption/year
Electric shaver8 to 12 W335 days - 5 mins./day0.3 kWh
Back-up heating appliance1000 to 2000 W240 days - 30 mins./day180 kWh
Hairdryer300 to 600 W48 weeks - 30 mins./day11 kWh